Since both the faith and practice of the New Testament churches have
been laid aside by so many, the "old paths" of Biblical practice
often seem unusual and new despite their apostolic origin. The old apostolic
doctrines of grace are slandered as "Calvinism" and the old
practices of Baptists are smeared as "Landmarkism." We believe both
"tulip-ism" and strict Baptist polity are Scriptural although both
have been largely abandoned. Because of this present situation, you may be
unacquainted with Baptist terms. This glossary is provided to enable all to
read with ease and understanding the terms used..
- literally a "re-baptizer" - a collective name given
often in ancient times to many groups who insisted on immersing all who
joined them despite previous "baptisms" at the hands of other
societies. Among these groups the Lord's truth-loving churches existed in
former days. Baptists do not believe it is possible to
"re-baptize" anyone though we are charged with doing so because
we baptize aright those previously "baptized" by other groups
lacking New Testament authority. Our old writers vigorously denied being
"Anabaptists" because they knew it impossible to re-baptize
anyone. A believer, previously immersed unscripturally, can be re-immersed
and in actuality baptized for the first time upon this repeat immersion
- one who has willfully left the doctrines and practices of the Bible.
- a church of Christ is a congregation of Scripturally-baptized believers
organized in harmony with New Testament precept and procedure. This
definition is consistent with the New Testament Greek word
"ecclesia" and its usage both in sacred and secular writings.
- Council of Trent:
- (1545-63) convened to damn those who opposed "free will" and
those who resisted the Roman Catholic Church. It set forth dogmatically
the doctrines of Romanism. It "...among other things dogmatized the
medieval theology of the Scholastics. It made the Latin Vulgate, including
11 O.T. apocryphal books, the authorized Bible, and declared Scripture AND
tradition as ultimate authority." 
Further, this council proclaimed "If any one affirms that the baptism
of John had the same force as the baptism of Christ, let him be
anathema" - a blow directed at the Anabaptists of the day as well as
- Donatists, Novatians, Petrobrussians, Cathari, Arnoldists, Hussites,
- etc. are historic nicknames applied in various localities to those
people known collectively as Anabaptists. That there was a connection
between these groups is clear.  It is
among these groups that New Testament churches are to be found although
obviously not all within these groups were saved nor were all the
congregations so labelled necessarily sound. Among these are the spiritual
forefathers of modern New Testament Baptists.
- Hosius, Cardinal Stanislaus:
- Born May 5, 1504 in Krakow, Poland, Hosius died August 5, 1579, at
Capranica, the Papal Estates, Italy. Appointed Cardinal in 1561, Hosius
was later appointed presiding Papal legate to the Council of Trent. He is
described as "the most brilliant writer, the most eminent theologian,
and the best bishop of his time." 
Because he carried on such a relentless campaign against all dissenters
from the Roman church, he was dubbed "hammer of the heretics."
- "Landmarkers" or "Landmark Baptists:
- " Baptists who maintain the historic Baptist (and we believe,
Biblical) position regarding the nature, origin and succession of true
churches of Christ are often called and sometimes call themselves "Landmarkers."
The nickname originated from an essay published in 1854 entitled "An
Old Landmark Reset" written by J.M. Pendleton, a Baptist minister in
the United States. The principles and practices of historic Landmarkism
can be proved to be as old as the New Testament. This is not to say
that everything believed by some who call themselves "Landmarkers"
is Scriptural. Some "Landmarkers" have gone off to extreme
views, such as "new-lightism." Historic Landmarkism is
church practice consistent with Bible principles.
- Mosheim, Johann Laurenz von:
- (1694? - 1755). Known as the father of modern church history, this
Lutheran was no friend of Baptists, but gets high marks for his attempt at
honest reporting of the facts. He has been praised as follows:
"...von Mosheim, a German preacher, university professor at Goetingen,
and noted scholar, was the first to attempt to write Church history
objectively. Instead of publishing history to produce propaganda, von
Mosheim tried to examine the development of the Church without bias or
party line." 
- City in Westphalia (region of western Germany bordering on the
Netherlands). Scene of tumultuous riots during the Peasant Wars. The
Anabaptists were falsely blamed for the riots which were led by Thomas
Munzer, radical reformer and former comrade of Martin Luther. Some have
tried to trace the Baptists back to these fanatical "madmen of
Munster." One of the ablest of historians wrote:
"The most searching investigation has failed to prove that Munzer, the
leader of the riots in the Peasant Wars, was a Baptist, or that the Baptists
were in anyway responsible for the uprisings."
- Baptists hold only two ordinances as Scriptural, namely water baptism of
believers and the Lord's supper, both of which they view as being church
ordinances as opposed to mere "Christian ordinances." By that it
is meant that Baptists view the ordinances as properly observed only by a
(local) New Testament kind of (Baptist) church. Ordinances differ from
sacraments in that an ordinance is merely a memorial, while it is claimed
by ritualists that a sacrament is a work which actually conveys grace to
the recipient. Those who hold the sacramental view believe grace is
obtained by religious works and ceremonies - a thing contrary to the very
definition of grace which is unearned favor or unmerited love.
- one who "baptizes" infants whether by sprinkling, pouring or
immersion. There is no mention of this practice in the New Testament;
thus, Baptists view it as an unscriptural and evil innovation. Its
promoters practice it because they believe the rite washes away the guilt
of sin and makes the unconscious babe a child of God.
- the concept that churches of the New Testament sort have had continual
existence since the first one was established by Christ and that they
shall continually exist until He comes again. Closely related to
"succession." (see "Succession" below).
- used of those individuals and religious societies which separated from
or arose in protest against the Roman Catholic Church during the period of
history known as the "Reformation." The term is also used of
groups later splitting off those earlier splits. Baptists, originating
with Christ, are not Protestants in this sense though they have
consistently opposed the errors of Romanism.
- churches or individuals who are designated Baptist, but who only
slightly resemble historic Baptists in doctrine and practice. Used of
liberal, loose, irregular and apostate Baptists.
- the concept of churches being founded by the authority of previously
existing churches. J.R. Graves, erroneously called the father of
"The sense in which any existing Baptist Church is the successor of the
First Church of Judea -the model and pattern of all -is the same as that
existing between any regular organization and the first such organization
that was ever instituted. Ten thousand local organizations of like nature
may have existed and passed away, but this fact in no wise affects the
continuity of the organization. From the day that organization was started,
it has stood; and though it may have decayed in some places, it has
flourished in others, and never had but one beginning..."
- the Catholic teaching that in the Mass the bread and wine actually
become the body and blood of Christ in a non-bloody sacrifice. Hear from
one of Rome's own authorized statements:
"This is the word the [Roman Catholic] Church has adopted as most
accurately expressing what happens at the Consecration at Mass. At this
moment, by divine power, what was bread and wine now becomes the Body and
Blood of Christ. The Catholic, therefore, subscribes to the traditional
doctrine of the [Roman Catholic] Church which, in the words of the Council
of Trent, speaks of 'the change of the whole substance of the bread into the
Body, of the whole substance of the wine into the Blood (of Christ), only
the appearances of bread and wine remaining; which change the Catholic
Church most fitly calls transubstantiation."
 [Brackets mine:C.A.P.]
 Merrill F. Unger, Th.D., Ph.D., UNGER'S
BIBLE HANDBOOK, (Chicago, Moody Press, 1966), p. 913.
 Of the Cathari (one group of
Anabaptists) it is said, "They derived their teachings from Paulicians:
their chief ramifications were the Albigenses and the Bogomils." Clarke
F. Ansley, Ed., THE COLUMBIA ENCYCLOPEDIA IN ONE VOLUME, NY, Columbia
University Press, 1945), p. 313.
The various groups evidently had not only a connection of principles and
doctrines, but as the waters of one stream flow into another, so these
succeeded and sometimes paralleled one another.
 Encyclopedia Britannica, 15th
Edition, Vol. 6, article "Hosius", p. 77
 Douglas, Elwell, and Toon, op cit.,
 William P. Barker, WHO'S WHO IN
CHURCH HISTORY, (Grand Rapids, Baker, 1977), p. 198.
 Christian, op cit., p. 153.
 J.R. Graves, OLD LANDMARKISM
(Texarkana, Bogard Press reprint of the second edition, 1881), p. 84.
 Mabel Quin, Ed., THE CATHOLIC PEOPLES
ENCYCLOPEDIA, Vol. 3 (Chicago, The Catholic Press, Inc., 1966), p. 1019.
This three volume set bears the Imprimatur of Cletus F. O'Donnell, J.C.D.
and this statement: "The Nihil obstat and Imprimatur are official
declarations that a book or pamphlet is free from doctrinal or moral
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